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Nigeria’s Economic Crisis in 2023: Naira’s Decline, Soaring Food Prices, and Loan App Survival


Nigeria’s Economic Crisis worsens  as the value of the Naira continues to plummet in the face of escalating foreign exchange (FX) shortages. In the black market, the Naira is now trading for over 1250 to the US dollar, sending shockwaves throughout the nation. Simultaneously, the prices of essential commodities have continued to surge, with the food inflation rate reaching 30.64 percent in September, the highest in 18 years. This financial crisis has left many Nigerians with no choice but to turn to loan apps to make ends meet.

FX Shortages and the Naira’s Free Fall

The deteriorating state of the Naira is a stark reminder of the country’s ongoing economic challenges. FX shortages have persisted for several years, and this issue has reached critical levels. The official exchange rate remains pegged at around 410 Naira to the US dollar, but the parallel market rate paints a much grimmer picture, with the Naira losing value rapidly.

In Lagos, the impact of the Naira’s depreciation is palpable. Ibrahim Adewale, a Lagos-based business owner, said, “I import machinery for my business, and the fluctuating Naira has hit us hard. The cost of raw materials has skyrocketed, and it’s becoming increasingly challenging to maintain our operations.”

Escalating Food Inflation

The soaring food inflation rate is another major concern. In September, it reached an alarming 30.64 percent, the highest it has been in 18 years. This surge in food prices has left many Nigerians struggling to afford basic necessities, with increased poverty and food insecurity as a result.

Lola Adekunle, a mother of three from Lagos, voiced her concerns: “I used to be able to provide nutritious meals for my children, but now even basic food items are out of reach. We are cutting down on meat. Everyone just eats whatever they get. It’s disheartening that my kids can’t eat as they used to, sometimes it makes me cry.”

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Measures Nigerians are Taking: Cost Cutting and Loan Apps

In the face of this economic crisis, Nigerians have resorted to various measures to make ends meet. Many are adopting stringent cost-cutting strategies, including reducing their consumption of non-essential items and seeking more affordable alternatives for daily necessities. Some have turned to urban farming and communal initiatives to produce their own food and save on costs.

“I’ve started planting vegetables in my backyard and joined a local cooperative for bulk purchases of food items,” said Chika Okonkwo, a Lagos resident who stays at Ikorodu. “We are helping each other cope with these tough times by sharing resources and knowledge.”

However, cost-cutting can only go so far in the face of soaring prices and dwindling incomes. Nigerians are increasingly looking to loan apps as a means of survival. These mobile lending platforms offer quick access to small loans, which many people are using to cover daily expenses, pay bills, and purchase essential goods. While this provides some temporary relief, it also raises concerns about increasing personal debt and the long-term impact on financial stability.

Tunde Adebayo, a university student in Lagos, shared his experience: “I used to rely on my parents for financial support, but now, I’m using loan apps to pay for my living expenses. It’s not ideal, but it’s the only option I have right now, and the interest rate and repay date are insane”

Government Efforts and the Way Forward From Nigeria’s Economic Crisis

Government officials, including the Central Bank of Nigeria, have acknowledged the gravity of the situation and are actively seeking solutions to stabilize the economy. Efforts to improve the foreign exchange supply, strengthen the Naira, and combat inflation are underway. However, these challenges are deeply rooted and will require sustained efforts to bring the economy back on track.

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More than ever, Nigerians need government economic policies that will significantly impact the country’s ability to recover from this crisis. It is crucial for policymakers to address the structural issues that underlie the FX shortages and work to stabilize the Naira. Additionally, efforts to reduce food inflation are urgently needed to alleviate the financial burden on ordinary citizens.

Nigerians are struggling with these challenging circumstances and alternative financial options such as loan apps are hardly solutions. While these apps can offer temporary relief, they are not a long-term solution to the country’s economic woes. A comprehensive approach that includes both short-term measures and long-term economic reforms is necessary to rebuild the nation’s economic resilience and ensure the well-being of its citizens.


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