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What is Hedging in Forex, and how do I use it?

Investors in various platforms use hedging in forex to protect their positions from unexpected and adverse price movements; if you are a new investor or forex trader, hedging is an essential skill to learn to help you minimize risk and keep your investment safe

If you are wondering what hedging is and how you too can apply it, look no further. This guide will teach you all you need to know about hedging, how to use it, and some benefits and disadvantages of hedging. 

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What is Hedging in Forex?


What is Hedging in Forex?

In simple terms, hedging means taking a position to offset or minimize the risks of future price fluctuations in the forex market. Hedging involves opening a position on a currency pair that contradicts the possible movements on another currency pair. 

If the price movements are inversely correlated, and the sizes of these positions are the same, the price change can cancel each other out while the positions remain active. With this, you might not make any additional profits, but it will significantly limit the risk of losses. 

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How do I use Hedging in Forex?

The process of hedging is simple; you have to start with an existing open position, usually a long position where your initial trade is moving in a specific direction, and then you create a hedge by opening another position that runs counter to the expected movement of the currency pair in your first trade. 

This allows you to maintain an open position on the original trade. Then, if the prices fluctuate against your expectations, you will not incur any losses because the second position runs in the opposite direction. 

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In most cases, hedging is used to preserve earnings you have already made, even though you can close the position and withdraw your earnings. You can create a hedge if you want to maintain the open position to see if you can make more profits and how the technical indicators and chart patterns will evolve. 


Is Forex Hedging Legal?

Hedging is illegal in the US, although not all forms of hedging have been declared illegal; the buying and selling of the same currency pairs at different strike prices or maybe even the same strike prices have explicitly been outlawed. So the CFTC has established some restrictions for forex traders.

However, hedging is not illegal in many regions, including Asia, the EU, Australia, and even some African countries like Nigeria. Quite a number of brokers support it around the world. For example, in Nigeria, the approved products for hedging are FX swaps, forwards (outright and non-deliverables), FX options, and cross-currency interest rate swaps. 


Can I Hedge With a Robot?

Yes, hedging with a robot or other automated trading tools is very much possible, and it can be very advantageous to many traders because once you set it up, it will do a lot of accurate work for you.

A forex hedging robot does the same thing a trader would do: create additional positions, buy and sell currency pairs and monitor trend analysis. The robots ensure you can keep your floating amount positive, and the idea remains to protect yourself against sudden and adverse market movements. 


Benefits of Forex Hedging

Forex hedging provides many benefits for both experienced and beginner traders. Some of these advantages include: 

  • Better control over your risk and reward ratio: edging counterbalances your trades against other open positions. It can offer profit stability even as the initial open position is moving in the opposite direction. 
  • It improves the diverseness of your holdings: Hedging will give you many options for your open positions, reduce the risk of using a single variable and prevent losses from hitting your open position across the board. 
  • It provides insurance against unpredictable price swings: In forex trading, volatility and sudden fluctuation in prices are inevitable, but hedging can help you preserve the value of your account by creating a profit in a new position to stabilize your account balance until other positions increase in value. 
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Downsides of Forex Hedging

Even though forex hedging is a valuable strategy to sustain profits, it also has some risks and downsides that you should consider before you try it. The most likely disadvantage of hedging includes the following:

  • There may be a reduction in your profit potential: it’s true forex hedging reduces your risk, but it also cuts into your profits because in cases where your initial open position continues to rise in profits, your hedging position will likely decrease in value. After all, it moves in the opposite direction.      
  • You may not be experienced enough to leverage hedging: creating and timing forex hedges can be very complex, so if you are a newbie to forex trading, you may lack the expertise and familiarity needed to execute hedges in a way that ensures more financial gains. 
  • Your hedge may also lose money in the event of sudden volatility: this is not particularly common, but hedges that do not directly correlate to your initial open positions may not gain value as the other positions lose. The reason is that the events and variables causing these price movements are highly unpredictable, which means you can’t also tell the impact on your hedged positions.  

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Hedging is an excellent strategy to minimize forex trading risk, but it comes at a cost. You may be required to pay transactional costs, which only reduces your loss if the market moves adversely. If peradventure the market moves in your favour, you will earn less than you would have if you didn’t have the forex hedge. 

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So one of the things you keep in mind is that hedging is not magic to cancel all market losses automatically; it just limits the potential damage to an adverse price fluctuation. Therefore, you must understand when to execute a hedge and when to withdraw your earnings and close your positions.

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