If you are new to the real estate market, then you may not fully understand how your mortgage is paid off over time, and the home-buying process may seem daunting and confusing. In addition, finding the right home or property can become challenging as there are too many options to choose from.
However, as challenging as this sounds, the greater challenge is in funding the purchase of your home or property, and that is where a mortgage comes in.
A mortgage is one of the easiest ways to fund the purchase of your home, and there is a lot to learn if you want to try this. So let’s start by understanding what a mortgage is and how it works.
What is a Mortgage, and How Does it Work?
A mortgage is a loan that allows you to finance the purchase of your home or property when you do not have the cash needed to do so. The home you intend to purchase will be used as collateral for the loan, so if you fail to uphold your end of the bargain, the lender has every right to seize the property.
You can get mortgages from traditional banks, online lenders, and credit unions. However, before you can get a mortgage, you will have to apply with a review of your financial records and capability. If you meet the requirements, the lender will provide the money needed for your purchase.
In addition, you are expected to pay back the money with interest over an agreed loan term ranging from 10 to 30 years. If you complete the payment by the end of the loan term, the house will be fully yours, and you will be debt free.
How is a Mortgage Payment Calculated?
A mortgage consists of the principal, interest, insurance and taxes, and it is calculated considering all of these. However, to know the exact amount you will pay monthly for your mortgage, you can find a good mortgage calculator online, but first, know the prices of the above-listed factors.
Your lender can collect and pay taxes on your behalf, or you may be required to pay them yourself. Either way, you will be the one funding it monthly. Also, as long as you’re a private owner, then insurance will also be included in your monthly mortgage, so before settling for any borrowing option, ensure you put these things into consideration.
How is Your Mortgage Paid Off Over Time?
To better understand how your mortgage is paid off over time, you need to keep these few essential things in mind. While your mortgage payments remain the same every month, its composition changes over time as the outstanding balance drops.
At the beginning of the loan payment, most of your payments will be channelled to interest, while just a small percentage will be for the actual mortgage principal. However, later on, you will pay more for principal than interest.
The simple process of paying off your mortgage through regular interest and principal payments is called mortgage amortization.
Understanding how mortgage amortization works will help you know exactly how much of your payment is going toward interest and how much is going toward the principal payment. Your lender will provide a mortgage amortization schedule, or you can search for a free loan amortization calculator online.
However, the most important thing is to know that your loan is fixed till you complete the payment, but your principal and interest values change over time.
If you want your principal to go up faster because it pays down your loan and automatically reduces your expected interest payment, you should consider paying more than your regular amount; this will help you save money from future interest.
Lastly, when paying off your mortgage, you should know that there are two payment options: fully-amortized and interest-only payments. The former consists of the payment for principal and interest, while the latter consists of just payment for interest. With the interest-only payment, your outstanding loan amount will remain the same.
See also: Top 10 Logistics Companies in Nigeria
The Bottom Line
A mortgage provides an excellent opportunity for buying a house even when you do not have the money to fund it. So if you have been wondering how your mortgage is paid off over time, we hope this guide has been of great help to you. Now you can comfortably purchase your dream home without making a substantial down payment.
However, when you take on a mortgage, it is essential to understand the payment structure and ensure it doesn’t just cover the principal or interests and taxes and insurance if necessary. The payment structure should also state how long it will take to pay off your mortgage ultimately.